English Grammar Tenses – Exercise on Passive (No.4)

 

Exercise on Passive


Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.

1. I confirm the reservation.

2. We will deliver the goods immediately.

3. We arranged a meeting.

4. You can cancel the contract within five business days.

5. They execute all orders carefully.

6. You have made a mistake.

7. We are processing your order.

8. Jane had booked a flight.

9. He has not answered our letter.

10. She did not sign the contract.

Answers:

1. The reservation is confirmed;
2. The goods will be delivered immediately;
3. A meeting was arranged;
4. The contract can be cancelled within five business days;
5. All orders are executed carefully;
6. A mistake has been made;
7. Your order is being processed;
8. A flight had been booked;
9. Our letter has not been answered;
10. The contract was not signed

English Grammar Tenses – Exercise on If Clauses (No.3)

 

Complete the sentences.

1. If your conditions are competitive, we (place) an order.
2. If I had more time, I (do) a course in business English.
3. If we had known more about their culture, negotiating (be) easier.
4. If you (customize) your CV, your chances of getting a job will be better.
5. We (cancel) our order if you don’t deliver the goods by Friday.
6. If Brittany (speak) better English, she would apply for a job abroad.
7. If you (tell) me about the problem, I would have helped you.
8. I (let) you know if I weren’t satisfied.
9. If you execute the order carelessly, they (place / not) another order with you in the future.
10. If I were you, I (worry / not) about the presentation.

Answers:

1. will place;
2. would do;
3. would have been;
4. customize;
5. will cancel;
6. spoke;
7. had told;
8. would let;
9. will not place;
10. would not worry.

English Grammar Tenses (upper intermediate) – No.2

 

James Cook (1728-1779)

1. The British explorer James Cook was born in the village of Marton, Yorkshire, on 27 October, 1728. But his family soon (move) to another village, called Great Ayton, where Cook (spend) most of his childhood.
2. As a teenager James Cook (develop) a fascination for the sea and (travel) to Whitby where he (find) employment on a coal ship.
3. While he (serve) in the Royal Navy during the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763), Cook (have) the command of a ship.
4. After the war (end) , Cook (take) command of the vessel Grenville and (go) to Newfoundland to survey the coasts there.
5. While he (map) the coasts of Newfoundland, he (observe) a solar eclipse off the North American coast.
6. Cook (send) the details to the Royal Society, England’s leading scientific organisation, and (win) their attention.
7. After Cook (publish) his observations of the solar eclipse, the Royal Society (ask) him to lead a scientific expedition to Tahiti and (put) him in command of of the HMS Endeavour.
8. From Tahiti Cook then (go on) to explore the South Pacific.
9. He also (reach) New Zealand, which only the Dutchman Abel Tasman (visit) before Cook.
10. After Cook (map) New Zealand’s complete coastline, he (sail) to Australia’s east coast.
11. Cook (name) the area New South Wales as it (remind) him of the south coast of Wales in Great Britain.
12. In 1772, one year after Cook (return) from his first voyage to the Pacific, the Royal Society (hire) him for another expedition to find the mythical Terra Australis.
13. On his journey, Cook (discover) several islands and almost (go) as far as the continent of Antarctica.
14. He (make) maps of the South Pacific and (prove) that Terra Australis (exist / not) .
15. His third and last voyage for the Royal Society (take) him to the west coast of North America where he (try) to find a passage between the Atlantic and Pacific.
16. He (not / can / pass) the Bering Strait, however; the ice (force) him to return to Hawaii, which he (discover) earlier.
17. While he and his crew (rest) in Hawaii, some Hawaiians (steal) one of his boats.
18. When cook and his men (try) to get the boat back from the natives, a violent fight (break out) in which the natives (stab) James Cook to death.

Answers:

1. moved, spent
2. developed, travelled, found
3. was serving, had
4. had ended, took, went
5. was mapping, observed
6. sent, won
7. had published, asked, put
8. went on
9. reached, had visited
10. had mapped, sailed
11. named, reminded
12. had returned, hired
13. discovered, went
14. made, proved, did not exist
15. took, tried
16. could not pass, forced, had discovered
17. were resting, stole
18. tried, broke out, stabbed

English Grammar Tenses (upper intermediate) – No.1

 

Bewley’s Oriental Cafés

1. Bewley’s (be) an old Irish tea house chain.
2. The history of the famous Bewley’s Oriental Cafés (begin) in 1835 when Charles Bewley (import) over 2000 chests of tea directly from the Chinese province of Canton to Dublin.
3. It (not / look) like a great deal today, but back then it (be) a coup: no man before (dare) to import tea directly into Ireland.
4. Bewley’s initiative (put) an end to the East India Trading Company’s tea monopoly which before 1835 (force) the Irish to import their tea from London.
5. Samuel Bewley’s son Joshua also (become) a tea merchant.
6. Like his father, he (import) tea into Ireland.
7. The Irish (like) the idea of not having to import old tea from London.
8. A tea expert (notice) that even the poorest Irish people (buy) only the finest tea.
9. By the end of the 19th century a tea culture (develop) in Ireland.
10. In 1894, Joshua’s son Ernest Bewley (want) to stimulate the market for a product that (be) rather unknown that far: coffee.
11. In the back of his shop in Dublin’s George’s Street, he (begin) to run coffee making demonstrations.
12. His wife (bake) scones to go with the coffee, and the couple soon (find out) that their idea (be) extremely popular among customers.
13. That (mark) the beginning of the first Bewley’s Oriental Café.
14. In Dublin’s Grafton Street, Ernest Bewley (open) another Bewley’s Oriental Café in 1927, on which he (spend) nearly 60,000 Pound.
15. Still now the interior furnishings and wonderful stain glass (provide) a very special oriental flair.
16. During World War II, Bewley’s (must restrict) the supply of tea to an ounce per head, and many customers (switch) to coffee.
17. Today, Bewley’s (be) Ireland’s leading supplier of quality coffees and teas.
18. It (create) a catering service for larger customers such as Trinity College and it (open) cafés in book stores and Dublin Airport.
19. Bewley’s Clipper Gold Tea and Espresso Prima (win) Gold Awards in the London Great Taste Awards.

Answers:

1. is
2. imported
3. does not look, had dared
4. had forced
5. became
6. imported
7. liked
8. noticed, bought
9. had developed
10. had been
11. began
12. baked, found out, was
13. marked
14. opened, has spent
15. provided
16. had to restrict, switched
17. is
18. has created, has opened
19. have won