English Grammar Tenses – Exercise on Passive (No.4)


Exercise on Passive

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.

1. I confirm the reservation.

2. We will deliver the goods immediately.

3. We arranged a meeting.

4. You can cancel the contract within five business days.

5. They execute all orders carefully.

6. You have made a mistake.

7. We are processing your order.

8. Jane had booked a flight.

9. He has not answered our letter.

10. She did not sign the contract.


1. The reservation is confirmed;
2. The goods will be delivered immediately;
3. A meeting was arranged;
4. The contract can be cancelled within five business days;
5. All orders are executed carefully;
6. A mistake has been made;
7. Your order is being processed;
8. A flight had been booked;
9. Our letter has not been answered;
10. The contract was not signed

English Grammar Tenses – Exercise on If Clauses (No.3)


Complete the sentences.

1. If your conditions are competitive, we (place) an order.
2. If I had more time, I (do) a course in business English.
3. If we had known more about their culture, negotiating (be) easier.
4. If you (customize) your CV, your chances of getting a job will be better.
5. We (cancel) our order if you don’t deliver the goods by Friday.
6. If Brittany (speak) better English, she would apply for a job abroad.
7. If you (tell) me about the problem, I would have helped you.
8. I (let) you know if I weren’t satisfied.
9. If you execute the order carelessly, they (place / not) another order with you in the future.
10. If I were you, I (worry / not) about the presentation.


1. will place;
2. would do;
3. would have been;
4. customize;
5. will cancel;
6. spoke;
7. had told;
8. would let;
9. will not place;
10. would not worry.

English Grammar Tenses (upper intermediate) – No.1


Bewley’s Oriental Cafés

1. Bewley’s (be) an old Irish tea house chain.
2. The history of the famous Bewley’s Oriental Cafés (begin) in 1835 when Charles Bewley (import) over 2000 chests of tea directly from the Chinese province of Canton to Dublin.
3. It (not / look) like a great deal today, but back then it (be) a coup: no man before (dare) to import tea directly into Ireland.
4. Bewley’s initiative (put) an end to the East India Trading Company’s tea monopoly which before 1835 (force) the Irish to import their tea from London.
5. Samuel Bewley’s son Joshua also (become) a tea merchant.
6. Like his father, he (import) tea into Ireland.
7. The Irish (like) the idea of not having to import old tea from London.
8. A tea expert (notice) that even the poorest Irish people (buy) only the finest tea.
9. By the end of the 19th century a tea culture (develop) in Ireland.
10. In 1894, Joshua’s son Ernest Bewley (want) to stimulate the market for a product that (be) rather unknown that far: coffee.
11. In the back of his shop in Dublin’s George’s Street, he (begin) to run coffee making demonstrations.
12. His wife (bake) scones to go with the coffee, and the couple soon (find out) that their idea (be) extremely popular among customers.
13. That (mark) the beginning of the first Bewley’s Oriental Café.
14. In Dublin’s Grafton Street, Ernest Bewley (open) another Bewley’s Oriental Café in 1927, on which he (spend) nearly 60,000 Pound.
15. Still now the interior furnishings and wonderful stain glass (provide) a very special oriental flair.
16. During World War II, Bewley’s (must restrict) the supply of tea to an ounce per head, and many customers (switch) to coffee.
17. Today, Bewley’s (be) Ireland’s leading supplier of quality coffees and teas.
18. It (create) a catering service for larger customers such as Trinity College and it (open) cafés in book stores and Dublin Airport.
19. Bewley’s Clipper Gold Tea and Espresso Prima (win) Gold Awards in the London Great Taste Awards.


1. is
2. imported
3. does not look, had dared
4. had forced
5. became
6. imported
7. liked
8. noticed, bought
9. had developed
10. had been
11. began
12. baked, found out, was
13. marked
14. opened, has spent
15. provided
16. had to restrict, switched
17. is
18. has created, has opened
19. have won

Use of English Test (Multiple Choice Cloze) – No.1


For Questions 1-12, read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

Example: (0) A situation B place C position D site

Environmental Concerns

Earth is the only (0) … we know of in the universe that can support human life. (1) … human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the western world (2) … on consuming two-thirds of the world’s resources while half of the world’s population do so (3) … to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the (4) … resource we have by which all people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is (5) … built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are exploited so much that they will never be able to recover (6) … We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a (7) … the planet’s ability to support people is being (8) … at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are (9) … increasingly heavy demands on it.
The Earth’s (10) … resources are there for us to use. We need food, water, air, energy, medicines, warmth, shelter and minerals to (11) … us fed, comfortable, healthy and active. If we are sensible in how we use the resources they will (12) … indefinitely. But if we use them wastefully and excessively they will soon run out and everyone will suffer.

1 A Although B Still C Yet D Despite
2 A continues B repeats C carries D follows
3 A already B just C for D entirely
4 A alone B individual C lone D lonely
5 A sooner B neither C either D rather
6 A quite B greatly C utterly D completely
7 A development B result C reaction D product
8 A stopped B narrowed C reduced D cut
9 A doing B having C taking D making
10 A natural B real C living D genuine
11 A hold B maintain C stay D keep
12 A last B stand C go D remain



1. C
2. C
3. B
4. D
5. C
6. D
7. B
8. C
9. D
10. A
11. D
12. A

English reading test (Multiple Choice) – No.2



You are going to read an article about online safety. For questions 1-8, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.



Protect your computer, by all means, but don’t forget to protect yourself, advises web safety expert, Amanda Knox.

We’re always being urged to stay safe online. But in an era where the internet is part of our everyday lives – for work, fun, study, shopping, even managing finances – it’s not always easy to spot the dangers. Web safety expert, Amanda Knox, explores some of the issues lurking in cyberspace.

Her first piece of advice is to install software and a firewall to protect your computer from viruses, hackers and criminals who want to steal your data or financial information. “Think of these as your first line of defence,” says Amanda.

So much for protecting yourself against intruders, but what about other problems? Say you’ve accidentally deleted an important file or you’ve been at the mercy of a natural disaster. Katy Marsh runs an online photography business from home and when a fire destroyed part of her house it could easily have spelled ruin for her business too. “Luckily I keep a regular back-up of my data so it wasn’t a catastrophe.” Amanda advises that while back-ups are good to have we must ensure we protect our computers to start with.

Whilst most of us are aware of the need to protect our computers, it seems we’re more lax when it comes to looking out for ourselves, at least according to a recent web awareness survey. Web safety specialists say better personal awareness is needed and this is due in part to the rise of ‘Social Networking’ sites like ‘Bebo’, ‘MySpace’ and ‘Facebook’, which allow us to connect with people around the world with similar interests and professional backgrounds. Chris Simpson, a computer programmer, learnt the hard way. “I joined a free online networking group in the hope of making some professional contacts to help me find a new job. After a month, one of my online contacts invited me to take out a subscription to a club that promised access to a network of job recruiters. It turned out to be a waste of money. I ended up a laughing stock with my mates – they couldn’t believe that someone in my job could get taken in so easily.” No wonder then that Amanda warns, “It’s easy to get complacent and let our guard down when we meet someone with the same interests online.”

This brings us to other potential pitfalls. Are the people you meet online who they really claim to be? Can you be sure the person you’re chatting with is in fact a 22-year-old Maths undergraduate from London and not someone merely masquerading as a student to win your trust? Khaled, a postgrad from Manchester University, quickly realised that it was unwise of him to post his phone number and email address in the public forum of an online academic discussion group. He was soon bombarded with unwanted emails and nuisance phone calls. Yet, it’s astonishing how many highly educated people do this without considering the consequences that anyone in the world could use the information to make (unwanted) contact.

When networking and joining online communities it’s better to be cautious about the amount of personal information you share. For example, it isn’t always necessary to use your real name as a username when registering for a service. You could instead use a pseudonym, or a name that doesn’t give away your real identity to other users. And is it really important to tell the world details about your school, college or any local clubs you’re a member of? Sometimes it pays to be a little vague and simply say something like ‘I’m studying at college in Madrid at the moment and I’m a member of a local tennis club’.

If you do experience problems from another user be prepared to report them for misusing the service. You’ll be doing other users a favour too. And if all else fails, check to see if it is easy to delete your account and leave the service if you choose to and that you have the option to delete all your details.

A general rule of thumb is not to post any information about yourself that you would not be happy for the world to know – not just now but in years to come. This includes photographs of yourself, particularly embarrassing shots of you at that party which you may later regret! It’s not always easy to remove information after it’s been posted so you – not to mention your future employer – may have an unpleasant surprise a few years down the line.


1. In the second paragraph the phrase ‘first line of defence’ suggests something
A is the only option.
B offers protection.
C is an instruction.
D shows weakness.

2. The effect of the fire was
A worse for Katy’s business than her home.
B to ruin Katy’s business.
C not as serious for Katy’s business as it could have been.
D to make Katy start to back up her data.

3. According to the web awareness survey, our attitude to our personal safety is rather
A relaxed.
B concerned.
C positive.
D uncertain.

4. Chris first joined the networking group
A because it promised him a job.
B in order to make friends and have fun.
C to assist him in a job search.
D because it didn’t cost him anything.

5. Regarding Khaled’s experience, the writer is surprised that
A people telephone complete strangers.
B people don’t think of the results of their actions online.
C university students take part in online discussions.
D people sent emails to Khaled without asking permission.

6. What tip does the writer give for joining an online community?
A Always use a false name.
B Make sure you are properly registered.
C Limit the information you give to others.
D Tell other users where you’re studying.

7. The writer says that you should report troublesome users
A because other people will benefit.
B so you can stop using the service.
C only if nothing else works.
D if you want to delete your own details.

8. In the final paragraph, the writer advises people
A not to put photos online.
B to apply for a job online.
C not to have any personal information online.
D to consider what may cause problems in the future.


1. B
2. C
3. A
4. C
5. B
6. C
7. A
8. D